Color ranges from pale straw to grey and bright ochre to chestnut with white under side. The cat’s long hair tends to lighten in winter. Most of the body is covered with dark spots—small ones on the head, throat and chest; large ones on the belly. Amur leopards can run 36 miles per hour, leap horizontally up to 19 feet, and vertically more than 10 feet. This excellent climber can descend head first and is also a strong swimmer. They have acute vision and hearing, and a strong sense of smell.