Black body plumage with white feather tips on wings; orange-red bill with white band near tip; red eyes; males and females similar in appearance, dark gray webbed feet. Cygnus atratus is the world’s only black swan. Male swans are called “cobs”, females are called “pens”, and chicks are called “cygnets.” The young are born white. Flocks of black swans are called “fleets.”
Wingspan: 6 feet
Adaptations: Black swans are able to fly at speeds up to 50 mph. Pairs mate for life and vigorously defend their nests and young. Their long necks contain 24 to 25 vertebrae, three times the amount of most mammals. Vocal calls include loud bugling, hissing, and whistling.